Origin: Arab Gulf Region and Turkey, via North Africa.
Profile: Sweet, Warm, Earthy, Smoky.
Uses: Often added to frying onions to release its fullest flavour, baharat spice is a superb lamb rub. It's also well suited to seasoning kofta, chicken kebabs, and vegetables.
Fun facts: Just as South Asia has garam masala and North Africa has ras el hanout, the Middle East's all-purpose spice blend is baharat (bahar meaning spice in Arabic).